Sunday, 24 November 2019

Conservative manifesto - 2019

·        Not borrow to fund day-to-day spending
·        public sector net investment will not average more than 3 per cent of GDP
·        National debt will be lower at the end of the Parliament
·        No raise in rates of income tax
·        No raise in rates of National insurance
·        No raise in rates of VAT
·        raise the National Insurance threshold to £9,500 next year
·        keep the triple lock, the winter fuel payment, the older person’s bus pass
·        We will cut taxes for small retail businesses and for local music venues, pubs and cinemas
·        250 million for a cultural capital fund
·        Invest £100 billion in additional infrastructure spending – on roads, rail and other responsible, productive investment
·        flood defenses will receive £4 billion in new funding
·        stamp duty surcharge on non-UK resident buyers
·        new £3 billion National Skills Fund
·        increase the Employment Allowance for small businesses
·        Expand start up loans via the British business bank
·        We will increase the tax credit rate to 13 per cent and review the definition of R&D
·        Bring in a  Digital Services Tax
·        £1 billion Ayrton Fund to develop affordable and accessible clean energy
·        £640 million new Nature for Climate fund
·        Spend 0.7 GNI on international development

Health & Social care:
·        Recruit 50,000 more nurses
·        £34 billion per year by the end of the Parliament in additional funding for the NHS
·        building 40 new hospitals across the country
·        boost early cancer diagnosis across 78 hospital trusts
·        20 hospital upgrades announced in the summer
·        Students Nurses receiving a £5,000-£8,000 annual maintenance grant every year during their course
·        6,000 more doctors in general practice
·        6,000 more primary care professionals
·        7,500 extra nurse associates
·        20,000 primary care professionals
·        £25 million cash additional fund to hospices
·        End hospital parking
·        increase the NHS surcharge paid by those from overseas
·        nobody needing care should be forced to sell their home to pay for it
·        1 billion for social care
·        extend the entitlement to leave for unpaid careers
·        doubling research funding into dementia
·        provide £74 million over three years for additional capacity in community care settings for those with learning disabilities and autism

·        Employment & Welfare:
·        Increased national wage to 10.50
·        create a single enforcement body and crack down on any employer abusing employment law
·        abolished employers’ National Insurance Contributions for under-21s
·        allow parents to take extended leave for neonatal care
·        We will establish a new £1 billion fund to help create more high quality, affordable childcare
·        keep our existing energy cap
·        continue the roll-out of Universal Credit
·        end the benefit freeze
·        maintaining our commitment to free school meals
·        reduce the number of reassessments a disabled person must go through
·        no longer allow people to claim child benefit for children living overseas
·        end the blight of rough sleeping by the end of the next Parliament
·        our target of 300,000 homes a year by the mid-2020

·        Crime:
·        20,000 more police
·        Equip police with Tasers and body cameras
·        put the Police Covenant into law
·        easier for officers to stop and search those convicted of knife crime
·        end automatic halfway release from prison for serious crimes
·        For child murderers, there will be life imprisonment without parole
·        cut the number of foreign nationals in our prisons
·        trialing Secure School
·        job coach in each prison
·        doubling the maximum sentence for assaulting workers in emergency services
·        add 10,000 more prison places
·        make intentional trespass a criminal offence
·        Double the maximum prison term to 14 years for tax evasion
·        Create a single, beefed-up AntiTax Evasion unit in HMRC
·        increase penalties for fly-tipping
·        Brexit & Immigration:
·        Points-based immigration system
·        Leave the European union by January 2020
·        End the role of the European Court of Justice
·        NHS Visa for qualifies foreign doctors
·        ending freedom of movement
·        Actively recruiting leaders in their field to come to the UK.
·        We will treat EU and non-EU citizens equally
·        student visa allow those students to stay on to apply for work here after they graduate
·        start-up visa, for entrepreneurs
·        boost English language teaching
·        People coming into the country from the EU will only be able to access unemployment, housing, and child benefit after five years
·        £500 million of the UK Shared Prosperity Fund
·        Increase the annual quota for the Seasonal Agricultural Workers Scheme we are piloting from 2,500 to 10,000.

·        Investing £14 billion over three years to increase funding for every primary and every secondary school pupil in the country.
·        an extra £14 billion in funding for schools
·        £5,000 a year for each secondary school pupil
·        £4,000 for each primary school pupil
·        £780 million in new funding to support children with Special Educational Needs
·        raising teachers’ starting salaries to £30,000
·        investing £500 million in youth services for young people
·        create a prisoner education service focused on work-based training and skills
·        Youth Futures Foundation will invest at least £90 million to improve employment outcomes for young people
·        have 20 Institutes of Technology

Government reform & agriculture:
·        We will ban public bodies from imposing their own direct or indirect boycotts
·        Our ambition is for full devolution across England
·        Festival of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in 2022
·        public money for public goods agricultural policy
·        creating a Great Northumberland Forest
·        guarantee the current annual budget to farmers
·        an additional 75,000 acres of trees a year
·        create new National Parks
·        UK Shared Prosperity Fund to replace EU structural funds
·        get rid of the Fixed Term Parliaments Act
·        equal Parliamentary boundaries
·        identification to vote at polling stations
·        Bring the ivory ban into force
·        We will ban keeping primates as pets

Housing and community:
·        ensure that new GP and school places are delivered ahead of people moving into new housing development
·        We will establish a £150 million Community Ownership Fund to encourage local takeovers of civic organizations or community assets that are under threat
·        Business rates relief for local newspapers
·        We intend to bring full fiber and gigabit capable broadband to every home and business across the UK by 2025
·        . Local people will continue to have the final say on council tax
·        We will encourage a new market in long-term fixed rate mortgages which slash the cost of deposits
·        enabling councils to use developers’ contributions via the planning process to discount homes in perpetuity
·        Maintain right to buy and extend to housing association
·        extended the Help to Buy scheme from 2021 to 2023
·        implementing our ban on the sale of new leasehold homes
·        Ending no fault evictions
·        requiring one ‘lifetime’ deposit which moves with the tenant
·        Introduce a new levy to increase the proportion of recyclable plastics in packaging.

Transport and environment:
·        We will build Northern Powerhouse Rail between Leeds and Manchester
·        We will extend contactless pay-as you go ticketing to almost 200 more stations in the South East
·        We will make a £28.8 billion investment in strategic and local roads
·        We will invest £1 billion in completing a fast-charging network
·        biggest ever pothole-filling program
·        create a new £350 million Cycling Infrastructure Fund
·        Net Zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050
·        establish a new £500 million Blue Planet Fund to help protect our oceans from plastic pollution
·        Offshore wind industry will reach 40Gw by 2030
·        l invest £800 million to build the first fully deployed carbon capture storage cluster
·        invest £500 million to help energy-intensive industries move to low-carbon techniques
·        investing £9.2 billion in the energy efficiency buildings

Defense and international relations
·        introduce new legislation to tackle the vexatious legal claims that undermine our Armed Forces
·        We will reduce National Insurance contributions for employers if they employ ex-Service personnel
·        spending 2 per cent of GDP on defense
·        increase defense budget by at least 0.5 per cent above inflation every year
·        Maintain trident
·        building the new Type 31 frigates in British shipyards
·        We aim to have 80 per cent of UK trade covered by free trade agreements within the next three years
·        create up to ten Freeport’s around the UK,

Friday, 22 November 2019

Labours abriged manifesto 2019


·         Green Industry [Scheme] will create 1 million jobs
·         Create a Sustainable Investment Board
·         Ask the Office for Budget Responsibility to incorporate climate and environmental impacts into its forecasts
·         launch a National Transformation Fund of £400 billion
·         Rewrite the Treasury’s investment rules to ensure investment our compatible with [green] targets
·         Out of the 400 billion £250 billion will directly fund a Green Transformation Fund dedicated to renewable and low-carbon energy and transport and environmental restoration
·         will create a National Investment Bank, backed up by a network of Regional Development Banks, to provide £250 billion of lending for enterprise, infrastructure
·         Smaller loans will be available through our new Post Bank based in Post Office
·         A Local Transformation Fund in each English region will be used to fund [Local] infrastructure projects decided at a local level
·         We will introduce a windfall tax on oil companies
·         3% of GDP to be spent on research and development (R&D) by 2030
·         no increases in VAT
·         a £150 billion Social Transformation Fund to replace, upgrade and expand our schools, hospitals, care homes and council houses
·         Reverse cuts to corporation tax while keeping rates lower than in 2010.
·         Those who earn 80,000 or over will pay more national insurance and income tax
·         extend the sugar tax to milk drinks
·         £1 billion Cultural Capital Fund to transform libraries, museums and galleries across the country
·         introduce a broader ‘public interest test’ to prevent hostile takeover
·         New 45p rate for those earning over 80,000*
·         New 50P rate for those earning over 125,000*
·         Increase corporation tax to reach 21% (Small Profits Rate) and 26% (main rate)*
·         Tax capital gains at income tax rates*
·         Tax dividends at income tax rate*
·         Extend stamp duty reserve duty – paid on shares *
·         Bank Levy*
·         Increase inheritance tax*
·         introduce a second homes tax*
·         scrap Married Persons Allowance*

Regulation / State action:
·         Change the criteria a company must meet to be listed on the London Stock Exchange so that any company that fails to contribute to tackling the climate and environmental emergency is delisted.
·         We will introduce a zero-carbon homes standard for all new homes
·         Nationalize Water
·         Nationalize energy
·         14 new Regional Energy Agencies will replace the existing district network
·         establish a Foundation Industries Sector Council
·         building three new steel recycling plants
·         upgrading existing steel production sites
·         require all companies bidding for public contracts to recognize trade unions, pay suppliers on time and demonstrate equalities best practice
·         investing in three new gigafactories for electric cars
·         investing in a new plastics remanufacturing industry creating thousands of jobs
·         Labour will end the current presumption in favor of outsourcing public services and introduce a presumption in favor of insourcing
·         taking back all PFI contracts over time
·         We will provide free personal care over £100,000 - a lifetime cap on personal contributions to care costs
·         end 15-minute care visits
·         We will recruit nearly 150,000 additional early years staff
·         We will constrain the right of the Prime Minister to suppress publication of committee reports
·         Bring Rubbish collection back to local council control
·         Bring management of local leisure centers back under local council control
·         Royal Mail back into public ownership
·         creating a publicly owned Post Bank
·         Create a Co-operative Development Agency a mission to double the size of the co-operative sector.
·         clearer rules on who is fit and proper to own or run TV and radio stations
·         We will take action to address the monopolistic hold the tech giants have on advertising revenues
·         We will review the ‘fit and proper person test’ for club owners and director
·         Establish accredited football supporters’ trusts to be able to appoint and remove at least two club directors and purchase shares when clubs change hands
·         introduce a new, unified Workers’ Protection Agency to enforce workplace rights
·         amend the Companies Act, requiring companies to priorities long-term growth
·         We will require one-third of boards to be reserved for elected worker-directors
·         new Department for Women and Equalities
·         Labour will deliver free full-fiber broadband to all by 2030
·         new Department for Housing
·         set up a new English Sovereign Land Trust, with powers to buy land more cheaply for low-cost housing
·         Nationalize buses
·         Nationalize railways

Energy & Housing:
·         We will deliver nearly 90% of electricity and 50% of heat from renewable and low-carbon sources by 2030.
·         build:  7,000 new offshore wind turbines
·         Build 2,000 new onshore wind turbines
·         Enough solar panels to cover 22,000 football pitches
·         Some (?) nuclear power stations
·         We will upgrade most homes to the highest energy-efficiency standards
·         Permanently ban fracking

·         introduce a Climate and Environment Emergency Bill setting out in law robust, binding new [environmental] standards
·         We will ban fast-food restaurants near schools
·         We will introduce a £1 billion Fire Safety Fund to fit sprinklers and other fire safety measures in all high-rise buildings
·         We will use public land to build this housing
·         ‘use it or lose it’ taxes on stalled housing developments
·         By the end of the Parliament we will be building at an annual rate of at least 150,000 council and social homes
·         with 100,000 of these built by councils for social rent
·         We will end the conversion of office blocks to homes that sidestep planning permission
·         ending the right to buy

Employment & Childcare
·         Support energy workers guarantee them retraining and a new, unionised job on equivalent terms and conditions.
·         launch a Climate Apprenticeship program
·         employers will be expected to allocate 25% of the funds in their Apprenticeship Levy accounts to training Climate
·         In the public sector, we will enforce maximum pay ratios of 20:1.
·         year-on-year above-inflation public sector pay rises, starting with a 5% increase
·         We will introduce a training bursary for nurses, midwives and allied health professionals
·         provide free education for everyone throughout their lives
·         Build Sure Start Plus, with enough centers to provide a genuinely universal
·         Build 1000 new sure start centers
·         paid maternity leave to 12 months
·         all 2 to 4 year-olds will be entitled to 30 hours of free preschool education per week
·         Subsidies additional hours of 2-4 year old care
·         free training to the childcare workforce to be trained to graduate level
·         Right to accrue paid time off for education and training.
·         Real Living Wage of at least £10 per hour for all workers aged 16 and over
·         requiring large companies to set up Inclusive Ownership Funds
·         collective income protection insurance schemes for the self employed
·         establishing a Ministry for Employment Rights
·         sectoral collective bargaining across the economy
·         full rights from day one on the job\
·         creating a single status of ‘worker’ for everyone apart from those genuinely self-employed in business on their own account
·         legal right to collective consultation on the implementation of new technology in workplaces
·         Banning zero-hour contracts
·         Doubling paternity leave from two weeks to four
·         Introducing four new bank holidays
·         Banning unpaid internships
·         Remove unnecessary restrictions on industrial action
·         Repeal anti-trade union legislation including the Trade Union Act 2016
·         reduce average full-time weekly working hours to 32 across the economy
·         Require all employers with over 250 employees to obtain government certification on gender equality
·         including new discount homes with prices linked to local incomes
·         We will introduce a levy on overseas companies buying housing
·         new powers to tax properties empty for over a year
·         end the sale of new leasehold properties
·         give leaseholders the right to buy their freehold at a price they can afford
·         Introduce rent controls
·         End no fault eviction
·         fund new renters’ unions in every part of the country

Travel & Environment
·         Labour will introduce free bus travel for under-25s
·         reinstating the 3,000 bus routes
·         We will implement a full, rolling program of  rail electrification
·         We will consult with local communities to reopen branch lines
·         End combustion engine sales by 2030
·         setting national minimum standards of safety and accessibility for Taxies
·         Introduce a new Clean Air Act
·         Introduce a vehicle scrappage scheme
·         extra £5.6 billion in funding to improve the standard of flood defenses
·         set legally binding targets to drive the restoration of species and habitats
·         create new National Parks
·         We will set maximum sustainable yields for all shared fish stocks

Welfare & local community:
·         A new right to food – remove the need for food banks within 3 year
·         stopping bank branch closures
·         ,banning ATM charges
·         creating a publicly owned Post Bank
·         We will protect free TV licenses for over-75s
·         new Gambling Act fit for the digital age, establishing gambling limits
·         levy for problem gambling funding and mechanisms for consumer compensations
·         eradicate in-work poverty
·         Including a pilot of Universal Basic Income.
·         annual income assessments for those on Universal Credit
·         £20 million to support the survivors of modern slavery, people trafficking and domestic violence
·         Scrap universal credit
·         Create a welfare system which guarantees a minimum standard of living
·         End sanctions
·         scrapping the benefit cap and the two child limit
·         Labour will end the digital barrier and offer telephone, face-to face and outreach support
·         We will recruit 5,000 additional welfare advisors
·         scrapping the bedroom tax
·         increasing the Local Housing Allowance
·         End PIP assessment
·         Increase Employment and Support Allowance by £30 per week for those in the work-related activity group
·         Raise the basic rate of support for children with disabilities to the level of Child Tax Credits
·         Keep the retirement age at 66
·         We will maintain the ‘triple lock’ and guarantee the Winter Fuel Payment, free TV licenses and free bus passes as universal benefits
·         We will support those who look after others, increasing the Career’s Allowance to the level of the Jobseeker’s Allowance

Health and social care
·         We will increase expenditure across the health sector by an average 4.3% a year
·         end patient charges - abolish prescription charges
·         Labour will end and reverse privatisation in the NHS
·         We will repeal the Health and Social Care Act
·         bring subsidiary companies back in-house
·         free annual NHS dental check-ups
·         end mixed-sex wards
·         NHS Forest of one million trees
·         NHS fleet cars and hybrid ambulances
·         free hospital parking for patients, staff and visitors
·         an additional £1.6 billion a year to ensure new standards for mental health
·         We will invest £2 billion to modernize hospital facilities and end the use of inappropriate, out-of-area placements.
·         £845 million on children and adolescent mental health services
·         We will establish a network of open access mental health hubs
·         recruit almost 3,500 qualified counsellors
·         guarantee every child access to school counsellors
·         invest more than £1 billion in public health and recruit 4,500 more health visitors and school nurses
·         build a comprehensive National Care Service for England
·         Create a National Youth Service
·         guarantee every young person has access to local, high-quality youth work
·         Labour will deliver free full-fiber broadband to all by 2030
·         end rough sleeping within five years
·         We will make available 8,000 additional homes for people with a history of rough sleeping
·         raising the Local Housing Allowance
·         additional £1 billion a year for councils’ homelessness services 

·         Maximum class sizes of 30 for all primary school children.
·         fund more non-contact time for teachers to prepare and plan
·         scrapping Key Stage 1
·         Scrap 2 SATs
·         Arts Pupil Premium to fund arts education for every primary school child
·         bringing free schools and academies back under control
·         We will replace Ofsted
·         A new teacher supply service
·         free school meals for all primary school children
·         Bring back the School Support Staff Negotiating Body and national pay settlements for teachers.
·         close the tax loopholes used by private schools
·         bringing back the Education Maintenance Allowance
·         Six years training at Levels 4-6, with maintenance grants for disadvantaged learners
·         Restore funding for English for Speakers of Other Languages
·         Create a single national system of regulation that functions for education as our NHS does for healthcare provision
·         abolish tuition fees
·         bring back maintenance grants

Crime & Immigration:
·         guarantee young people’s access to youth worker
·         recruit 22,000 more frontline officers
·         Proportionate stop-and-search based on intelligence
·         We will introduce minimum legal standards of service for all victims of crime
·         aim of introducing an emergency alert system
·         restore total prison officer numbers to 2010 levels
·         Introduce a presumption against prison sentences of six months or less for non-violent and non-sexual offences
·         Renationalize probation
·         restore all early legal aid advice
·         recruit hundreds of new community lawyers
·         prohibit ppl accused of domestic violence from cross-examination by their abuser
·         introduce a no-fault divorce procedure
·         Public inquiries into blacklisting
·         Public inquiries into  Orgreave
·         We will require judicial warrants for undercover operations
·         scrap the 2014 Immigration Act
·         end indefinite detention
·         close Yarl’s Wood and Brook House immigration detention center
·         end the minimum income requirements for family and spousal visas
·         resume rescue missions in the Mediterranean
·         establish safe and legal routes for asylum seekers

Constitutional reform & Brexit & International relationship

·         end the hereditary principle in the House of Lords
·         elected Senate of the Nations and Regions
·         repeal the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011
·         We will maintain 650 constituencies
·         Reduce voting age to 16
·         giving full voting rights to all UK residents
·         banning donations from tax avoiders and tax evaders
·         stop MPs from taking paid second jobs
·         extending Freedom of Information rules to cover private providers of public services
·         Negotiate new deal
·         A permanent and comprehensive UK-wide customs union
·         Outside the single market but maintain Close alignment with the Single Market
·         Continued participation in EU agencies and funding programs
·         legally binding referendum alongside the option of remaining in the EU
·         granting EU nationals the automatic right to continue living and working in the UK
·         All military action will require parliamentary approval
·         Conduct an audit of the impact of Britain’s colonial legacy
·          Invest an additional £400 million in our diplomatic capacity
·         Recognize the rights of the people of Western Sahara.
·         suspend the sale of arms to Saudi Arabia and Israel
·         recognize the state of Palestine
·         e renewal of the Trident nuclear deterrent
·         Labor’s commitment to spend at least 2% of GDP on defense
·         creating a representative body for the armed forces, akin to the Police Federation
·         We will also ensure that black and Asian soldiers who fought in Britain’s colonial armies receive a full apology and explore ways to compensate them for the discriminatory demob payments they received
·         Spend 0.7% of GDP on International development
·         Provide a top-up of new and additional spending on international climate finance to bring the total to £4 billion a year
Those pledges with an * are taken from Funding real change not the manifesto