In every social system there are those at the top and those on the bottom indeed the “managing or politicisation” of these two groups has been a motivating factor behind political thinking since Marx .
Until recently, in the history of politics or social policy, there was very little concern for the group below even those on the bottom the so called lumpon proletariat, the very lowest of the low. They have always existed, always self-medicated first with cheap booze and then with opium the state has vacuolated between content acceptance and criminalisation and often both.
Often the state or the police has been happy to allow them to wallow in the dark places of society, happy to let them rot in the unseen places of our society; happy as long as they don’t cause a fuss and they are out of the way. They were explained away as lazy or drunk or stoned, there exclusion was justified because they were undeserving of our help, or beyond it and thus without a glance we disappear them.
There are those of course who see these invisibles often the religious among us. They sustain this displaced mass with soup and too infrequently salvation. They struggle in vain to clean and house these damaged souls, they swim against a tide of indifference, suspicion and often bile to look after those we have blinded ourselves too.
We have a power though a power to house the homeless and treat the addicts. The UK had an almost zero homeless rate until Thatcher and I say as a conservative that one homeless person is one person too many.
So what is the solution well first build more treatment centre and homeless centres (take the money from the international development budget). Free drug and homeless treatment from the quagmire of human rights laws and ideology, replacing it with the first principle of solving the issue forever and no person left behind. Most importantly of all we must make rehousing the homeless and rehabilitating the drug addict top priorities.